The Hadhramisocieties in Indonesia is a history of migration, acculturation, trade, proselytization of Islam, and nationalism. It is also a history of early form of globalization. The role of Hadhramis in Indonesian dynamics has been studied by some scholars such as Van den Berg (1887),Freitag and Clarence-Smith (1997), Mobini-Kesheh (1999), Feener (2004), de Jonge (2004), Slama (2005, 2011, 2012, 2014), Sila (2005, 2015), Manger (2010), and Bamualim (2011). In his book Hadhrami Arabs in Present-Day Indonesia (2009), for instance, Frode Jacobsen identifies and underlines that Hadhramis are “an Indonesia-oriented group with an Arab signature”. This identity is in line with the conclusion from Feener (2004) on the Hybridity of Hadhramis Identity in Indonesia. Manger (2010) in his book entitled The Hadrami Diaspora resonates that although their identity is diverse, the Hadrami Arabs were known both as a trader and religious missionary, and they keep maintaining this in the diaspora.
As stated by those scholars, the story of Hadramis in Indonesia has mainly been a story of success, not only in religion, but also in trade, education, publication, and even politics. They have fared relatively well and enjoyed prestige. Hadrami society, for instance, can be seen as the main competitor of Chinese, among immigrants, in trade and commerce. Historically, they were also among those who introduced Islamic modernism and reformation in Indonesia. They created and developed various Islamic education and religious movements, such as Al-Irsyad and Jamiat al-Khair, that contributed significantly to Indonesian revolution.
The current rise of a number of Hadhramis to the center of Indonesian political and economic dynamics, however is something relatively new and needs to be studied in the context of globalization and the history of Hadhramis in general. The political activities of the family of Shihab, Baswedan, Alatas, and other Hadhrami families are also important in the context of politics of identity. Stimulated by the current dynamics of Hadhrami community, this conference intends to discuss a wide spectrum of Hadhramis in Indonesia.
- To strengthen unity of Indonesia by understanding ethnic diversity, particularly people from Arab origin.
- To understand social, political, historical, cultural, religious, and economic role of Hadhramis in Indonesia society.
- To discuss the rise of politics of identity in the context of globalization and its influence in Indonesia.
4. To prevent any social conflict coming from ethnic and religious differences.